[an error occurred while processing this directive]
科研管理
   首页 |  期刊介绍 |  编委会 |  投稿指南 |  期刊订阅 |  学术交流 |  联系我们 |  下载中心 | 
      科研管理 2019, Vol. 40 Issue       (9) :282-288 论文   DOI:
       最新目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 << | >>
       国家大型科研仪器现状及其开放共享分析研究
       刘贺1,胡颖1,王冬梅2
        1.中国科学院物理研究所科技处,北京100190;
2.北京交通大学科学技术处,北京100044
       An analysis of the status and open sharing of large-scale scientific research instruments in China
       Liu He1, Hu Ying1, Wang Dongmei2
       1. Science and Technology Department,Institute of Physics, CAS,Beijing 100190,China; 
2. Science and Technology Department,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China
摘要
参考文献
相关文章
       Download: PDF (0KB)   HTML 1KB   Export: BibTeX or EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
摘要 大型科研仪器作为发现自然规律、探索未知领域、实现技术变革的重要科学研究工具,是探索前沿科学、助力社会经济发展和科技强国的技术基础和重要手段。近年来,随着中国科技投入的不断增加,大型科研仪器规模也不断壮大,重大原创成果不断出现,但利用率较低的问题也逐渐凸显出来。本文通过对全国50万元以上大型科研仪器设备进行分析,从仪器原值、类别、所属机构、所处地理等方面,对目前的开放共享情况进行分析总结,并提出合理的建议。
Service
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
Email Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
刘贺
胡颖
王冬梅
关键词大型科研仪器   开放共享   利用率     
Abstract: As an important scientific research tool for discovering natural laws, exploring unknown fields and realizing technological changes, large-scale scientific research instruments are the technical basis and important means for exploring frontier science, boosting social and economic development and making China a strong country in science and technology. In recent years, with the continuous increase of China's investment in science and technology, the scale of large scientific research instruments is also growing, and major original achievements keep emerging. But the problem of low utilization rate is also gradually highlighted. This paper analyzes and summarizes the current situation of opening and sharing of large scientific research instruments and equipment over 500,000 Yuan in China from the aspects of original value, category, institution, location and so on, and puts forward reasonable suggestions.
Scientific research instruments are an important foundation for the development of science and technology, technological innovation, etc. The level of national science and technology development and development potential will be reflected in the sharing of scientific research instruments to a certain extent. The national science and technology development is fast, the development potential is large, and the situation of the sharing of scientific research instruments is good, the instrument usage rate is high, and vice versa.
The degree of sharing of large-scale scientific research instruments in scientific research instruments can better reflect the level of scientific and technological management of the country, and to a certain extent determine the state's scientific and technological level and the ability to innovate. Therefore, promoting the sharing and sharing of large-scale scientific research instruments in the country and improving the utilization rate of large-scale scientific research instruments are inevitable choices for promoting China's scientific and technological progress and improving scientific research. At the same time, it is also an inevitable need for China to build a conservation-oriented society, reduce the waste of science and technology resources, and promote the healthy development of science and technology.
In recent years, the investment in the construction of large-scale scientific research instruments in China has continued to increase, and the growth of large-scale scientific research instruments in research institutes and universities has been particularly prominent. At same time, due to wide variety and large number of large-scale scientific research instruments in China, the departments/institutions, regions, and subject areas are widely distributed. Therefore, it is necessary to study and analyze systematically the sharing of existing large-scale scientific instruments in typical units, which is effective for follow-up works and lays the foundation for development and policy development.
This article aims to analyze the data of the 2015 scientific and technological resources survey, and analyze the data of the operation and sharing of the large-scale scientific instruments recorded in the paper, and propose the problems existing in the open sharing of large-scale scientific instruments in China. Simultaneously, in order to further strengthen the open sharing of instruments and equipment, establish a scientific and reasonable sharing management evaluation mechanism, and promote and improve the quality of shared service work, this paper analyzes and summarizes the present situation of open sharing of large-scale instruments in China and proposes some constructive suggestions for reference.
Keywordslarge scientific research instruments   open sharing   utilization     
Corresponding Authors: 刘贺   
引用本文:   
刘贺,胡颖,王冬梅.国家大型科研仪器现状及其开放共享分析研究[J]  科研管理, 2019,V40(9): 282-288
Liu He, Hu Ying, Wang Dongmei.An analysis of the status and open sharing of large-scale scientific research instruments in China[J]  Science Research Management, 2019,V40(9): 282-288
Copyright 2010 by 科研管理