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      科研管理 2015, Vol. 36 Issue       (4) :11-21 论文   DOI:
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       企业创新管理中内、外部R&D投入的互补性研究—基于中国大中型工业企业的数据分析
       刘克寅1,2, 宣勇3, 池仁勇1
        1. 浙江工业大学经贸管理学院, 浙江 杭州 310023;
2. 温州大学瓯江学院, 浙江 温州 325035;
3. 浙江农林大学党委, 浙江 杭州 311300
       A study of complementarities between internal R&D and external R&D in enterprises' innovation management: A data analysisbased on China's large and medium-sized enterprises data
       Liu Keyin1,2, Xuan Yong3, Chi Renyong1
       1. College of Economy and Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, China;
2. Oujiang College, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325035, Zhejiang, China;
3. CPC Committee, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, Zhejiang, China
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摘要 尽管许多管理顾问建议企业可以将部分技术开发活动进行外包,但是对于企业内部R&D与外部技术获取之间的作用性质及其条件却知之甚少。本文构建了一个超越对数创新产出函数,利用中国31个省份的大中型工业企业的创新投入-产出数据检验了企业内部R&D投入、外部R&D投入以及外部技术引进(直接技术利用)之间的替代性和互补性。研究结果表明,当企业具有更强的技术吸收能力、较大的经济规模和具备以往技术转让经验时,内部R&D与外部R&D之间的互补性较强;而企业的R&D投入(技术开发)与外部技术引进(直接技术利用)之间一般呈现出替代性。可见企业在不同的技术活动阶段、采用不同的技术活动形式时,外部技术的替代性与互补性有所不同。
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关键词内部R&D   外部R&D   替代性   互补性     
Abstract: Although many management consultants suggest that enterprises can outsource some technology developing activities, but the nature of effects and the conditions between internal R&D and external technology acquisitions are poorly understood. This paper constructs an innovation production translog function, and we apply the innovation input-output data of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises in China's 31 provinces to test the complementarities between internal R&D and external R&D. The research results show that, when the enterprise has stronger ability to absorb technology, large economies of scale and the technology transfer experiences, the degree of complementarities between internal and external R&D is strong. The results also show that enterprise's R&D investment (technology development) and external technology purchasing are substitutability. It shows that the substitution and complementarities of external technology are different at enterprise's different stages and different forms of technical activities.
Keywordsinternal R&D   external R&D   substitutability   complementarities     
Received 2014-01-14;
Fund:

国家自然科学基金项目“创新要素集聚方式、区域创新网络开放性与中小企业集群动态能力”(编号71173194,2012-2015);国家社科基金项目“中小企业技术源开发模式的国际比较研究”(编号13CGL020,2013-2015)。

About author: 刘克寅(1979-),男(汉),浙江温州人,浙江工业大学经贸管理学院博士研究生,温州大学讲师,研究方向:技术创新与管理。
宣勇(1965-),男(汉),浙江诸暨人,浙江农林大学党委书记,教授,博导,研究方向:知识管理与创新。
池仁勇(1959-),男(汉),浙江瑞安人,浙江工业大学中国中小企业研究院执行院长,教授,博导,研究方向:中小企业技术创新。
引用本文:   
刘克寅, 宣勇, 池仁勇.企业创新管理中内、外部R&D投入的互补性研究—基于中国大中型工业企业的数据分析[J]  科研管理, 2015,V36(4): 11-21
Liu Keyin, Xuan Yong, Chi Renyong.A study of complementarities between internal R&D and external R&D in enterprises' innovation management: A data analysisbased on China's large and medium-sized enterprises data[J]  Science Research Management, 2015,V36(4): 11-21
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